Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that affects about 1-2% of the population. People with OCD experience both obsessions and compulsions.
Obsessions are unwanted and disturbing thoughts, images, or impulses that suddenly pop into the mind and cause a great deal of anxiety or distress.
Compulsions are deliberate behaviours (e.g. washing, checking, ordering) or mental acts (e.g. praying, counting, repeating phrases) that are carried out to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsessions. Visit http://www.afocd.org/ for Hope and Solutions! Awareness Foundation For OCD.
Dr. A.J Allen explains in simple terms how OCD works in the brain.
Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) fall into one of the following categories:
“Washers” are afraid of contamination. They usually have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions.
“Checkers” repeatedly check things (oven turned off, door locked, etc.) that they associate with harm or danger.
“Doubters and sinners” are afraid that if everything isn’t perfect or done just right something terrible will happen or they will be punished.
“Counters and arrangers” are obsessed with order and symmetry. They may have superstitions about certain numbers, colors, or arrangements.
“Hoarders” fear that something bad will happen if they throw anything away. They compulsively hoard things that they don’t need or use.
Famous People with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder